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Organizations and Initiatives

Links to organizations and institutions that have taken initiatives in discussing or developing resources for digital publishing, or who are advocating change in scholarly communication (see also Advocacy).

Association of Research Libraries <http://www.arl.org/index.html>
  At the forefront of academia with respect to addressing scholarly communications issues, ARL's mission is "influencing the changing environment of scholarly communication and the public policies that affect research libraries and the communities they serve." See especially their "Issues in Scholarly Communication" <http://www.arl.org/scomm/>.
   
Association of College and Research Libraries - Scholarly Communications <http://www.ala.org/ala/acrl/acrlissues/scholarlycomm/scholarlycommunication.htm>
  "ACRL is committed to working to reshape the current system of scholarly communication, focusing in the areas of education, advocacy, coalition building and research. In January 2002, ACRL launched its Scholarly Communication initiative, with goals of creating increased access to scholarly information; fostering cost-effective alternative means of publishing, especially those that take advantage of electronic information technologies; and encouraging scholars to assert greater control over scholarly communications." See especially, "Principles and Strategies for the Reform of Scholarly Communication" a foundation statement that provides overall guidance to the ACRL scholarly communications initiative.
   
Create Change <http://www.createchange.org/home.html>
  Create Change "seeks to address the crisis in scholarly communication by helping scholars regain control of the scholarly communication system" by "mak[ing] scholarly research as accessible as possible to scholars all over the world, to their students, and to others who might derive value from it." Create change is the advocacy arm of its co-sponsors with respect to scholarly communications: the Association of Research Libraries, Association of College and Research Libraries, and SPARC.
   
Open Access Working Group (OAWG) <http://www.arl.org/sparc/oa/oawg.html>
  The Open Access Working Group (OAWG), initiated by SPARC, is a group of like-minded organizations that began meeting in the Fall of 2003 to build a framework for collective advocacy of open access to research. The group seeks to build broad-based recognition that the economic and societal benefits of scientific and scholarly research investments are maximized through open access to the results of that research. OAWG aims to bring about changes within stakeholder institutions enabling viable open access models to be widely and successfully implemented and accepted.
   
International Consortium for the Advancement of Academic Publication (ICAAP) <http://www.icaap.org/>
  "The International Consortium for the Advancement of Academic Publication is a research and development organization devoted to the advancement of electronic scholarly communication. Our mission includes technological support, publication, and enhancement of scholarly journals and educational resources, with the goals of greater accessibility, recognition and communication within the academic community.

ICAAP specializes in developing technology for the delivery of scholarly content. This technology includes the development of SGML markup systems, conversion utilities for transferring legacy documents to SGML and program filters for transferring ICAAP SGML documents into HTML, PDF and other formats. ICAAP also develops software for journal management and publication. Databases are key components of most ICAAP solutions.

In addition to providing services to scholars wishing to start their own independent scholarly journals, ICAAP maintains a database of free scholarly journals and resources."

   
International Scholarly Communications Alliance (ISCA). <http://www.anu.edu.au/caul/cisc/isca/>
  Described as "an action-oriented global network that will collaborate with scholars and publishers to establish equitable access to scholarly and research publications.The ISCA - whose members represent over 600 research libraries worldwide - will engage in a series of activities that focus the scholarly publishing process on the primary goals of the academic research community, advancing the discovery of new knowledge and facilitating its dissemination. Through sharing expertise on scholarly communications issues, these organizations, whose total library budgets equal over US$5 billion and which serve well over 11 million students and faculty, will be prepared to act as a unified body in creating policies and taking actions that advance these goals."
   
SHERPA (Securing a Hybrid Environment for Research Preservation and Access) <http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/>
  "SHERPA is investigating issues in the future of scholarly communication and publishing. In particular, it is developing open-access institutional repositories in a number of research universities. These eprint repositories or archives facilitate the worldwide rapid and efficient dissemination of research findings."
   
SPARC [Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition] <http://www.arl.org/sparc/>
  SPARC is "an alliance of academic and research libraries and organizations working to correct market dysfunctions in the scholarly publishing system. Developed by the Association of Research Libraries, SPARC has become a catalyst for change. Its pragmatic focus is to facilitate the emergence of systems that capitalize on the networked environment to disseminate research. Its strategies expand competition and support open access to address the high and rising cost of scholarly journals, especially in science, technology, and medicine--a trend which inhibits the advancement of scholarship."
 
 
 


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